Thursday, May 14, 2020
In his 2009 Inaugural Address, President Barack Obama gave an impassioned speech filled with extended metaphors along the lines of movement, travel, and a journey. In fact, much of his economic language throughout the first 100 days of his presidency followed this theme. ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s use of these metaphors served to characterize the economic crisis, unite the American people, and frame his perspective on the role of the presidency. Thus, through analysis of his rhetoric, we learn that metaphors really do matter. Generally, people see metaphors as a device of the poetic or literary imagination: a figure of speech or a rhetorical flourish. However, metaphors are so much more. First, they form a kind of conceptual system, influencing both cognition and emotion. They frame how people think about difficult or complex problems. Ã¢â¬Å"The importance of metaphors to language in general, and rhetoric in particular, cannot be overstated. Metaphors are the foundational element of language th rough which our concepts and meanings are formedÃ¢â¬ (Cox). Second, they provide insight into the rhetorÃ¢â¬â¢s thoughts, opinions, and attitudes. The metaphors one chooses to employ act like an ideological footprint, identifying how the person truly feels or thinks. When Obama was elected in 2008, the United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ economy was in shambles. The housing market had imploded, Bush had begun government bailout programs of roughly one trillion dollars, and the citizens were deeply concerned. The general public, andShow MoreRelatedRhetorical Analysis Of President Obama s Inauguration Speech Essay1121 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRhetorical Analysis: President Obama s Inauguration Speech 2013 President Barack ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s campaign theme in 2013 was to bring change throughout the United States, and he continues on with this motto while thanking the American people.He does this by stating the change he plans to bring,how he will bring change, what he values,and the importance of peace and unity. President Obama is addressing all of american people that voted for and against him,by continuously referring to them as a team.HeRead MoreRhetorical Analysis Of Obama s Victory Speech1245 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRhetorical Analysis of ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s Victory Speech This speech was given by Barack Obama who won 2012 election as the president. IÃ¢â¬â¢m going to analysis his voice, audience, speakerÃ¢â¬â¢s message and occasion for the speech. Different angle, different view can show all the ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s rhetorical words in his victory speech. In 2012, this is Barack ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s second inaugural. He had greatest way to put all the rhetorical words in his speech. It was one of the best of his speech so far. Rhetoric was made in fifthRead MoreRhetorical Analysis Of Bill Clinton s Nomination Speech1566 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesA rhetorical analysis of Bill ClintonÃ¢â¬â¢s Nomination Speech In a world of politics, many politicians are involved in negative campaigns and as a result healthy conversation among politicians often lead to a disaster. With the endless political news cycles, rhetoric is essential for politicians to deliver their speeches. Therefore, in this essay, the style and delivery of Bill ClintonÃ¢â¬â¢s speech at the Democratic National Convention will be examined. It will be using the three main appeals of AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreRhetorical Analysis Of Obama s Victory Speech1181 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesRhetorical Analysis of ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s Victory Speech Introduction: Barack Obama was re-elected as President of the U.S on November 6th, 2012. Barack Obama held his Victory Speech on the following day. This essay will analyze and comment on an excerpt of that exacting Victory Speech and the solution focus of the criticism will be on the Rhetorical belongings of the Speech. By using numerous forms of Rhetorical apparatus like Anaphora or Tautology, Barack Obama controls to offer a Speech that is full of AmericanRead MoreRhetorical Analysis Of Barack Obama s Election National Convention Address1518 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSpeech 1315-302 Rhetorical Analysis of Barack Obama 2004 Democratic National Convention Address In this paper, I choose the speech of the previous President, Barack Obama; Illinois state senator, his speech address to the 2004 Democratic National Convention marked an important moment in the trajectory of African American rhetoric. I am really impressive his speech because it was strong to affect to our emotion, our realizations and our passion for a strong America. The general theme of Barack ObamaRead MoreA Neo Aristotelian Analysis Of President Obama s Oval Office Address On Bp Oil Spill Energy 1613 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesProfessor Eleanor A. Lockhart Rhetorical Criticism 2 October 2015 A Neo-Aristotelian Analysis of President ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s: Oval Office Address on BP Oil Spill Energy On June 15, 2010, President Barack Obama formally addresses the Deepwater Horizon oil spill to inform people of his plans to contain the oil spill and the nation s need for clean energy. The purpose of this paper is to analyze President ObamaÃ¢â¬â¢s speech on the BP oil spill using FossÃ¢â¬â¢ neo-Aristotelian method of rhetorical criticism, by which I willRead MoreEssay on Analysis of Obamas Victory Speech831 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesAnalysis of Obama`s Victory Speech The presidential victory speech delivered by Barack Obama who is the president to be was held on November 4, 2008, in Grant Park, Chicago. It is about his won election for the office as the president. I will take a closer look on how Obama emphasizes his speech with stylistic devices. The speech is divided into four parts. The first part is from ll. 1-26, the second from ll. 27- 70, the third from ll. 71-9 and the last from ll. 95-105. In the first part of theRead MoreCritical Analysis Essay: On The Death Of Osama Bin Laden1896 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesCritical Analysis Essay: On the Death of Osama Bin Laden By Barack Obama Introduction When President Barrack Obama mentioned of the September 11th attack, for a moment the wounds left in the hearts of the Americans started bleeding again. There was nothing that could that could stop the bleeding other than one statement: Ã¢â¬Å"the perpetrator of the attack has been brought to justiceÃ¢â¬ . On the night of 2nd May 2011, the Americans were woken up by the unusual speech delivered by the 44th president of theRead More Rhetoric in the American Immigration Debate Essay1659 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthe discourse even more convoluted. In analyzing three prominent voices in the immigration debate, US president Obama, journalist Sonia Nazario, and Arizona congressman J.D. Hayworth, we can evaluate the effectiveness of the different rhetorical approaches by whether or not they reach their intended audiences. Nazario fulfills her journalistic raison dÃ¢â¬â¢Ã ªtre by succeeding at objectivity, while Obama and Hayworth as politicians succeed by lying by omission in speeches an d in writing in order to pursueRead MoreLeader Persuasion1290 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages successful leaders utilize and capitalize on the needs and wants of their followers through persuasive word choice High level persons are persuasive; they have to be. Powerful speakers such as Adolf Hitler, Martin Luther King, Jr., and President Barack Obama all have something in common; they all have spoken and appealed to mass audiences using similar speaking techniques. Many of the speaking techniques utilized by these highly influential people are similar to those used by sales representative
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
In The Moment Before the Gun Went Off by Nadine Gordimer, she tells us about the forbidden truths of a shallow, racist society in South Africa. Apartheid is defined as racial segregation; specifically : a former policy of segregation and political and economic discrimination against non-European groups in the Republic of South Africa. (Webster). This policy would help assure there were no inner-racial relationships besides those that were professional, like the relationship portrayed in Marais Van der Vyver, the white European farmer, and his black farm laborer. The theme of The moment Before the Gun Went Off is the idea of apartheid. This was an extreme policy that separated a country in two pieces and continues to leave itsÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦I feel that this story portrays blacks as if they were slaves, but also that Gordimer was trying to build suspense by giving hints to that relationship. When Marais describes his relationship with his black laborer he says, He was my friend, I always took him hunting with me. Those city and overseas people dont know its true: farmers usually have one particular black boy they like to take along with them in the lands; you could call it a kind of friend, yes, friends are not only your own white people, like yourself, whom you take into your house, pray with in church, and work with on the Party committee. (Gordimer). This quote shows the rising action, although it comes early in the story it helps set the tone and give the reader hints to that something more is going on. Marais shows an attitude of one whos more in touch with the blacks and although he has been a puppet to the apartheid policy, this statement helps understand that Van de Vyver has a closer relationship to his black farm boy then he leads on. This causes an inner conflict that becomes very real to Van de Vyver. He has to fight to keep his relationship with the black farm boy under wraps because of societys policies and the animosity t owards inner-racial relationships. This may not seem like a big deal, because during the story this boy is portrayed as a farmhand and nothing more. At one point the author writes Ãâ¦often around the farmShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Kate Chopin s The Story Of An Hour955 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesLiterally analysis of Naturalism and the Short Story Form: Kate ChopinÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËThe Story of an HourÃ¢â¬ While Scott D. Emmert in Naturalism and the Short Story Form: Kate ChopinÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬ËThe Story of an HourÃ¢â¬â¢ points out the short stories cannot form a narrative because of their length and others would disagree. Admittedly, even though according to Scott short stories cannot form a narrative they are perfect for naturalist writers because short stories and poems tend to focus more on natural surroundings and theRead More Short Story Characteristics Essay623 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesShort Story Characteristics The short story is a concise form of narrative prose that is usually simpler and more direct compared to longer works of fiction such as novels. Therefore, because of their short length, short stories rely on many forms of literary devices to convey the idea of a uniform theme seen throughout the script. This theme is illustrated by using characteristics that are developed throughout the story such as, plot, setting and characters. The three main components are developedRead MoreSupernatural Essay1273 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThesis Statement: The theme of the supernatural to show gothic ideals is present in the three short stories through use of word choice, plot, and dialogue . D. Transition: Authors have many ways into expressing the supernatural, one of them is through word choice. All body paragraphs should have quotes from the stories and from outside sources. You should have at least 3 quotes from each story and at the very least three quotes from outside sources that are not definitions. There reallyRead MoreThe Tell Tale Heart And The Premature Burial915 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Premature Burial are two short stories by Edgar Allan Poe. The Tell-Tale Heart is about the narrator killing an old man. The Premature Burial is about a mans fear of being buried alive. The theme of the two works are closely related to fear and guilt. PoeÃ¢â¬â¢s stories have terrifying plots, solid themes and literary criticism. The Tell-Tale heart starts as An unknown narrator says he is nervous but not mad. Then he informs the reader that he will be telling a story about how he killed a old manRead MoreTylistic Analysis of Katherine MansfieldÃ¢â¬â¢s Garden Party1002 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesStylistic Analysis of Katherine MansfieldÃ¢â¬â¢s Garden Party To better comprehend our course: Style in Fiction, I have selected a short story the Garden Party, so as to analyze in terms of styles. 1. About the writer and the story 1.1 About the writer Beforehand, IÃ¢â¬â¢d like to give a brief introduction of the short storyÃ¢â¬â¢s writer Katherine Mansfield and the short story. Katherine was born in Wellington, New Zealand, into a middle-class colonial family in 1888. She studied at Queens CollegeRead MoreThree Men in a Boat861 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe analysis 1. The title of the story. The function of the title is to inform the reader briefly of what the text or story that follows is about. Sometimes titles show individuality Ã ¾f the writer. They are characterizing by shortness and catching character. A skillful worked out title tells the whole story on enough of the story to satisfy the reader s curiosity. 2.The plot of the story. Most novels and stories have plots. Every plot is arrangement of meaningful events. The plot has suchRead MoreA Critical Analysis Of Cat On A Hot Tin Roof 1239 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesA Critical Analysis of Ã¢â¬Å"Cat on a Hot Tin RoofÃ¢â¬ by Tennessee Williams Thomas Lanier Ã¢â¬Å"TennesseeÃ¢â¬ Williams background greatly influenced his stories, including his drama, Ã¢â¬Å"Cat on a Hot Tin Roof.Ã¢â¬ One important influence on the drama was the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s father, Cornelius Coffin. According to Harold Bloom, author of an analysis of Ã¢â¬Å"Tennessee Williams,Ã¢â¬ in 1911 Williams was born to Cornelius Coffin and Edwina Dakin Williams in Columbus Mississippi. His father was a traveling salesman who was a drunk and gamblerRead MoreThe Richer the Poorer1009 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Richer, The Poorer What is a short story? Ã¢â¬Å"A short story is a work of fiction that develops a single ideaÃ¢â¬ (Dowling Central, n.d.). Dorothy West, an author of many short stories, has entertained and taught many lessons throughout her writings. This paper will discuss WestÃ¢â¬â¢s short story, Ã¢â¬Å"The Richer, The Poorer.Ã¢â¬ In addition, this paper will examine the entertainment value of this story as it relates to the lesson it teaches to the reader by discussing the literary elements found in Ã¢â¬Å"The RicherRead MoreThe Theme of Symbolism in Country Lovers927 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSymbolism in Country Lovers In this story, symbolism is a key element that contributes to the theme of the story. A popular symbol throughout the story is the gilt hoop earrings. These earrings initially belonged to Paulus who later gave them to Thebedi during their childhood. The main reason why Paulus gave Thebedi the earrings, it was because he loved her. In this case, the earrings symbolized the love they shared. Later on, the story reveals that out of jealousy Paulus killed Thebedis daughterRead MoreEssay about Modernism: Hills Like White Elephants, by Ernest Hemingway1578 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesrestricted human spirit. It had no trust in the moral conventions and codes of the past. One of the examples of modernism, that breaks the conventions and traditions of literature prior to Modernism, is Ernest HemingwayÃ¢â¬â¢s short story Ã¢â¬Å"Hills Like White ElephantsÃ¢â¬ . The short story uses plot, symbolism, setting, dialogue, and a new style of writing to allow human spirit to experiment with meaning and interpretation. Some of the characteristics of Modernism are: a desire to break conventions and established
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Write a report on "Burberry Group Plc". Answer: Introduction Burberry Group Plc has been taken as the focus company for the report. It is a British organization. BGP or Burberry Group Plc is a Luxury clothing manufacturer. They are operating in the market since 2008. Their motto was to engage the young people in their dreams with the power of creativity behind them. They ventured on the youth power and creativity (Koller 2014). Figure 1: Burberry London Operation Burberry Group has three brands under its wing. These are, Products Burberry Group Plc manufactures both men and women clothing. They have wonderful collection of kids garments too. They have been producing coats and civil jackets for defense individuals and armies. Burberry presents Trench Coat to the customers. The company is also specified for providing garments, costumes, and uniforms for aviation units. They manufacture sports garments and jerseys as well (Kontu and Vecchi 2014). The market of Burberry Group is an ever-expanding area. They cover more than 50 countries with their products. They are operating from more than five hundred stores; the majority of the stores are located in various parts of Britain. They provide designer clothes as well as casual clothes to their clients. Burberry Group Plc has many competitors. England is a known place for clothing industries; they are having some of the renowned garment brands in the world. Rubicon Retail, Adams Children Ware, Green Woods and Rupert Berkley are the competitors of Burberry. Figure 2: Products of Burberry Group Plc E-commerce/ ERP implementation integrated with ICT Business intelligence Business intelligence is a process where the system is depended on data analysis for boosting the form of the company thorough guiding the sales persons and the buyers. They take essential actions for the company. It is having the rediscovering the ideas, decision taking and engaging new rules. It helps to gain knowledge for the customer service. It includes canalization of samples from different places and it helps to evaluate the information from the data. This software enables the analysis process much better and it allows the users to correlate the data collected from different fields. Data mining process helps to make summary of the analysis from different angles. In the area of customer service, data mining is a necessary tool for analyzing the information regarding the consumers. Data Warehouse technique Figure 3: Data Warehouse Databases It is a collection of organized data. It is used for the action of accessions, sudation and restoring samples for next use. It has numerous variations; they are bibliography, numerical, all-text and pictures. Databases are organized in a manner that can be helpful for Burberry for forming their client service and marketing. Internet has been a revolution in recent years. It has spread throughout the globe and connecting millions of computer users. Internet is a window that provides linking, sharing and connecting information among the users. RFID is the short form of Radio Frequency Identification. The device carries the information in the form of radio frequency. It comes in small size and an antenna is used for giving a capacity of around 2000 bytes of data. Burberry uses the device for reading the bar code of the purchasing items by the clients (Larose 2014). Value Added Network is addressed as VAN. It enables and offers the information sharing option between the partners. It is helpful for keeping the privacy between two or more organizations (Sikka 2013). EDI or Electronic Data Exchange implies the computer-to-computer data exchange in the organization for supporting the procedure of business. Figure 4: Internet system Figure 5: EDI Issues faced by Burberry during e-commerce/ ERP implementation Space Problem- one of the main implementation problem is space problem. Internet most of the time runs out of space. Therefore, allocation of limited space causes a barrier for organizations. The case is quite similar for Burberry Group too. They also faced similar space related problems. They were unable to publish important information for the customers. The data and information were insufficient some times. The limited space creates problems for the consumers who want more information about the product and services of Burberry (Gupta 2014). Security and privacy- internet is now not a safe tool. It cannot publish information all the time because there are hackers and gamblers are present in internet. The information can be misused. The criminal activities nowadays have become more. Cyber crime is coming as the new mode of crime at a fast rate. The unwanted users can easily copy the information published in a public domain. Transaction related problems- Many times transaction process is failed. Similar things happen for Burberry also. Thousands of transactions are taking place within a second that is why system sometimes face enormous amount of pressure. Transaction process has many steps and to do it minutely it takes a lot of care. The money transferring issues are mostly affected by the damage. The method is time taking for transaction, it is a common problem faced by the producers like Burberry Group (Chong and Chan 2012). Advantages of the process The process has helped to reduce the standing in the queue system The customers can get accessed to remote stores located in remote areas Marketers offer coupons for the online buying which give access through purchasing procedure by accessing the websites of the sellers. Now the customers can pay through debit card and credit card. Cash back or extra discount can be achieved by paying through card. Now there is no need for physical presence at the time of buying any products. Customers can now order their desired items from the website of the company. Any service can also be ordered in a similar way. It has helped to minimize the time. References Chong, A.Y.L. and Chan, F.T., 2012. Structural equation modeling for multi-stage analysis on radio frequency identification (RFID) diffusion in the health care industry.Expert Systems with Applications,39(10), pp.8645-8654. Evanger, J.E. and Lie, J., 2014. Development and Deployment of Advanced and Intelligent Manufacturing and Logistics Solutions through the Use of RFID, EDI and Bar Codes.Advanced Materials Research, (1039). Gupta, G.K., 2014.Introduction to data mining with case studies. PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.. Koller, H., 2014. Business Agility and Luxury Companies: A disliked, but needed combination. Kontu, H. and Vecchi, A., 2014. Why all that noiseassessing the strategic value of social media for fashion brands.Journal of Global Fashion Marketing,5(3), pp.235-250. Larose, D.T., 2014.Discovering knowledge in data: an introduction to data mining. John Wiley Sons. Padhy, N., Mishra, D. and Panigrahi, R., 2012. The survey of data mining applications and feature scope.arXiv preprint arXiv:1211.5723. Sikka, P., 2013. Why combatting tax avoidance means curbing corporate power: Prem Sikka shows how a tax avoidance industry has facilitated the corporate capture of UK policymaking.Criminal Justice Matters,94(1), pp.16-17.
Friday, April 10, 2020
Soccer In Radge ALENCIA, Spain (Reuters) -- Espanyol capped its centenary celebrations by winning the Spanish Cup with a 2-1 victory over Atletico Madrid on Saturday. One of the cheekiest goals seen in Spain all season gave the Barcelona club an ideal start after just two minutes. Atletico goalkeeper Toni Jimenez -- who moved to the club from Espanyol last summer -- saved a shot by Toni Velamazan and was bouncing the ball in front of him, ready to boot it upfield. But then Raul Tamudo nipped in unseen, headed the ball away from Jimenez and beat his former team mate in a sprint across the face of the goal, turning the ball in from an narrow angle out on the left. Sergio Gonzalez hit Espanyol's second goal five minutes from time to ensure the club won its first honor for 60 years Jimmy Floyd Hasselbaink pulled one back for Atletico a minute into injury time, and Espanyol endured an anxious couple of minutes as the clocked ticked away, but it was too little too late. Espanyol ecstasy For Espanyol supporters, it brought a huge smile to their faces after a decade of despair. They were relegated twice during the 1990s and even had to sell their ground -- the historic Sarria stadium -- in 1997 to solve a cash crisis. However Espanyol's veteran defender Nando Munoz put the emotions of all those involved with the club into words. This might be the greatest day in the history of Espanyol. This is for all those fans and everyone else who can remember the bad times -- all those dire moments, Nando said. Nando had recovered enough breath to speak to Spanish to reporters because he had been given his marching orders 13 minutes from time after picking up two yellow cards in quick succession while Espanyol fought to contain a second half Atletico comeback. Atletico attack The first half belonged to Espanyol, with Tamudo and Velamazan causing plenty of problems for the Atletico defenders and Moises Arteaga slicing through the middle, but the second period saw Atletico strive for an equalizer. Hasselbaink was a constant threat, although Espanyol defenders did a good job of soaking up the pressure, and his closest efforts came from edge-of-the-area free kicks. After Nando left the field, Espanyol looked briefly in trouble, but both teams ended the match with 10 men after former Spanish international defender Santi Denia lost control completely seven minutes from time. Denia scythed down Manuel Serrano from the rear and then headbutted Toni Velamazan. Sergio's clincher came two minutes later. Tears He controlled a long, speculative, ball forward with his head and then blasted the half-volley past the hapless Jimenez, who left the field inconsolable. Football just isn't fair, Jimenez wailed, with tears streaming down his face. Jimenez was not the only Atletico player to leave the field with moist eyes. The cup final defeat, their second in successive years after losing 3-0 to Valencia last year, brought an end to one of the worst season's in club history. Atletico was relegated and will spend next season in the Spanish second division for the first time since 1934. A damaging government investigation into the club finances also left the club badly demoralized on and off the field. The cup final is likely to be the last match that many players, including Hasselbaink, have in an Atletico jersey, with a massive exodus anticipated. Bibliography One of the cheekiest goals seen in Spain all season gave the Barcelona club an ideal start after just two minutes. Sports and Games
Monday, March 9, 2020
Classroom Essentials for the New Special Educator When we approach the school year all teachers will be evaluating the strategies and classroom structures that are important for behavioral success and instructional efficiency.Ã That is doubly essential for the new teacher creating their first classroom.Ã Ã Perhaps the most important actor in your classroom is the environment.Ã A classroom environment is not just a matter of lighting and decorating (although they may contribute.)Ã No, it is the emotional as well as the physical environment that create the canvas on which you will be providing instruction.Ã For some special educators who push in, they carry their environment with them.Ã For teachers who are in resource room settings, they need to create an environment communicates expectations for students and create an efficient place for them to engage in instruction.Ã For self-contained programs, the challenge is to create an environment that will provide a structure that will work for the teacher, the classroom para-professional, and the range of abilities your students will probably bring with them. In our experience, self-contained programs often have as wide a variety of skills and challenges as a regular education classroom with three to four times more students.Ã Pro-Active Means Preparation Preparing a classroom for students will require planning and anticipation, including:Ã Seating/Seating chart: How you plan to provide instruction will change how you seat your students.Ã Anticipate those seating arrangements to change.Ã For a classroom where you anticipate behavioral challenges, start with desks in rows separated by an arms length in each direction.Ã As your year progresses, you will be able to modify how you mediate instruction and how youÃ manage behavior.Ã A group that needs constant monitoring will be arranged completely differently from a group that focuses on independent work while others are in small groups or working in learning centers.Ã Also, the first group, with consistent feedback, teaching, and reinforcement, might just become the second group! Comprehensive Behavior Management System How you intend to reinforce the behavior you want, especially independent behavior and how you want to provide consequences for behaviors you do not want, you will need to choose and implement one of several different comprehensive plans:Ã Whole Class and/or Individual Behavior Management Systems:Ã Sometimes a classroom system will work without implementing individual behavior management, especially when the focus of your program is remediating academics and not managing behavior.Ã Or, you can start with a group plan and then add an individual plan.Ã Or, you can use individual reinforcement plans (i.e. token boards) and then a classwide system for group activities or transitions.Ã Whole Class Behavior Systems RequireÃ A visual cuing system.Ã This can be a board, a digital system (such as Class DOJO)Ã Ã or an interactive cue system, like a clothespin clip system or a color wheel.Ã Clear expectations and outcomes. These include rules and routines, which we will explore later.Ã Be sure you know exactly when you place a token or move a clip up or down.Ã Be sure you know what consequences will be moving to red or whatever your least desirable color is.Ã Be sure your consequence is truly a consequence and not a threat, in other words dont make a consequence something that is either unreasonable (no p.e. for the rest of the school year) or something you are unwilling or unable to do (two swats with a paddle.Ã Corporal punishment is illegal in most states and doesnt work in any case.)Ã Rewards or Reinforcement.Ã Be sure some of the reinforcers you offer (positive) are social so you are pairing reinforcement with appropriate social behavior.Ã How about tickets for a game day? (Play bo ard games as a class on Friday afternoons.)Ã Access to preferred activities or classroom jobs with status (such as line leader or lunch basket) is also great reinforcers.Ã By pairing reinforcement with appropriate positive behavior, you also reinforce the social behavior.Ã Consequences.Ã Sometimes the absence of reinforcement is consequence enough to change future behavior.Ã Sometimes an appropriate consequence (because it makes undesired behavior less likely to reappear) is to remove access to a preferred daily activity, such as recess or reading in a kindergarten classroom.Ã Individual Behavior Systems Require A visual recording system. Ã Sticker charts or token charts work well.Clear expectations.Ã It is best to focus on no more than two behaviors at a time.Ã Be sure students know why they are earning stickers or tokens when they get them:Ã i.e. Wow, you did a nice job getting that spelling page done, Roger.Ã Heres your sticker.Ã Just two more till you get your break!Ã Targeted reinforcement:Ã As above, target specific behaviors and be sure you define those target behaviors clearly.Ã Reinforce no more than two behaviors at a time.Ã Deciding Which Behavioral Strategies to Use As you are setting up your classroom, you will need to decide a few things: Do you start with individual behavior management systems or group?Ã As a new teacher, you are best to err on the side of too much structure, not too little.How easy or hard will the system be to administer?Ã No structure is chaos, too much structure may lead to default because you cant keep your eyes on everything.Ã Know your team, as well.Ã Will you have one or more paraprofessionals who could administer one of your reinforcement systems?Ã Can you and your staff administer the system with as little effect as possible?Ã You dont want a system that you are tempted to use as a punishment.Ã If the focus of your system becomes your relationship with your students.Ã Ã The Physical Environment Arranging supplies, pencil sharpening and all the mechanics of supporting academic and social interaction for school success is invaluable. Sharpening pencils, handing out materials, all those simple tasks are tasks your students can manipulate to avoid tasks, to move around the classroom and disturb peers, to establish their pecking order in the classroom.Ã New teachers may feel that those of us who are long in the teeth make way too much of organization, but we have watched students dither away the day sharpening their pencils.Ã Oh, and they can burn those babies out! So, you need to be sure your routines include: Pencil Sharpening.Ã Is it a job, or do you have a cup where pencils can be swapped out?Ã Desks: Trust me.Ã You want the tops of desks clean.Ã They are students, not insurance agents.Ã Supplies: Ã If you put students in groups, each group should have a carry all or tray for pencils, crayons, scissors, and other supplies.Ã Put someone in charge (and assigned on the job chart) to refill papers, sharpen pencils and do whatever you need.Ã For small groups, put someone in charge of paper passing.Turn in:Ã Have a routine for turning in completed assignments.Ã You may want a tray for finished assignments, or even a vertical file where students turn in their folders.Ã Bulletin Boards Put your walls to work.Ã Avoid that temptation of some teachers to spend big at the teacher store and clutter up the walls.Ã Too much on the walls may distract students with disabilities, so be sure the walls talk but not scream.Ã Resources Behavioral Systems A Color Chart System Using Clothes PinsToken ChartsSticker Charts to Support IndependenceA Lottery SystemA Token Economy Physical Resources Seating ChartsBulletin Boards that Put Your Walls to WorkBack to School Bulletin BoardsSticker Charts
Saturday, February 22, 2020
Assignment - Essay Example Controlling obesity is more about changing oneÃ¢â¬â¢s lifestyle, incorporating healthy activities in daily routine. So maybe lawmakers need to consider making bicycles and gym memberships cheaper. Besides, it is a universal phenomenon that children are inclined to do what theyÃ¢â¬â¢re told not to, and considering obesity is on the rise in children aged 2 to 19, it is really not a smart idea to tell them their favorite food items are expensive and therefore call for a rebellion. According to me, taxing pizzas and sodas is unfair to the consumers who are conscientious about their choice of toppings and who actually take time to pick out the lesser of the evils for personal benefit. Even the healthy eaters will bear the brunt of this legislature, if passed, leaving many unsettled consumers. If the government actually is this concerned about peoples well being then they should consider bringing down the prices of healthy commodities. This article very rightly also raises the question of what food items are considered Ã¢â¬Å"healthyÃ¢â¬ and which ones arenÃ¢â¬â¢t and also who decides this. Chips are considered high-calorie, but then again you also have oven baked varieties. It all comes down to making a choice, which should be an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s own. References Berr, Jonathan. Daily Finance. "First a Soda Tax, Now a Pizza Tax: The Food Police March on".
Thursday, February 6, 2020
Lego Mindstorms - Essay Example Normally diversification strategies can lead to strategic competitiveness and above-average returns. In general firms using related diversification strategies outperform those employing unrelated diversification strategies. At some point of time the firms can become over-diversified. The level at which over-diversification occurs varies across companies, because each firm has different capabilities to manage diversification. Irrespective of the type of diversification strategies implemented declines in performance result from over-diversification. Even when a firm is not over-diversified a high level of diversification can have a negative impact on the long term performance of a firm. For instance the scope created by additional amounts of diversification often cause managers to rely on financial control rather than strategic controls to evaluate business unitsÃ¢â¬â¢ performance. Without a clear understanding of the objectives and strategies of the business the top level executives tend to rely on financial controls. Though this will ensure short-term gains are generated it may have a severe impact on the long-term investments and prospects of the firm.Ã In the case of Lego several mistakes in its history of last twenty and odd years and the biggest of such mistakes were to confuse growth with success. The sales growth of Lego was phenomenal during the 10 year period from1978 to 1988 with the sales increasing from Danish Kroner 1 billion to 5 billion which is a five fold increase. This sales growth made Lego look great. While during the 1980s VCRs, video games, cable Television and computers started to have their influence on the children Lego was busy expanding its sales to its target market across the world. Ã The main problem with the operations of Lego was that the company became a slow company with its complacency. For instance the company formed an association with MIT in 1984 but until ten years later the company could not invent any Ã¢â¬Ëintelli gent brickÃ¢â¬â¢. Though the programmable brick became popular the company could not market it as a mass market product since the company was unable to reduce the price. The real problem was that Lego lost its audience who the children loved at one point of time. It seems that the company had a core play values Ã¢â¬Ëencouraging the imagination and putting the child in chargeÃ¢â¬â¢.Ã